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Lingam Gopal, M.S., D.N.B., F.R.C.S.
Sankara Nethralaya
No. 18, College Road
Chennai - 600 006   
Tamil Nadu   
Phone: +91-44-2827161
Area of Specialization:
Research Summary:
Retinopathy of prematurity
Coloboma of choroid and vitreous substitutes
1. Uparkar, M., Sen, P., Rawal, A., Agarwal, S., Khan, B. and Gopal, L.  Laser photocoagulation (810 nm diode) for threshold retinopathy of prematurity: a prospective randomized pilot study of treatment to ridge and avascular retina versus avascular retina alone. International ophthalmology. 2011.  31, 3-8. [PubMed]
2. Mallikarjuna, K., Sundaram, C. S., Sharma, Y., Deepa, P. R., Khetan, V., Gopal, L., Biswas, J., Sharma, T. and Krishnakumar, S.  Comparative proteomic analysis of differentially expressed proteins in primary retinoblastoma tumors. Proteomics. Clinical applications. 2010.  4, 449-463. [PubMed]
3. Jalali, S., Azad, R., Trehan, H. S., Dogra, M. R., Gopal, L. and Narendran, V.  Technical aspects of laser treatment for acute retinopathy of prematurity under topical anesthesia. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2010.  58, 509-515. [PubMed]
4. Rishi, P., Rishi, E., Uparkar, M., Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Bhende, P., Bhende, M., Sen, P. R. and Sen, P.  Coats' disease: an Indian perspective. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2010.  58, 119-124. [PubMed]
5. Saumya, P. a. l., Gopal, L., Khetan, V., Nagpal, A. and Sharma, T.  Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment following treatment for retinoblastoma. Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. 2010.  47, 349-355. [PubMed]
6. Bhende, P., Gopal, L., Sharma, T., Verma, A. and Biswas, R. K.  Functional and anatomical outcomes after primary lens-sparing pars plana vitrectomy for Stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2009.  57, 267-271. [PubMed]
7. Khetan, V., Gupta, K., Mohan, E. R. and Gopal, L.  Uveal melanoma presenting as cataract and staphyloma. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2009.  57, 223-225. [PubMed]
8. Mohan, A., Venkatesan, N., Kandalam, M., Pasricha, G., Acharya, P., Khetan, V., Gopal, L., Sharma, T., Biswas, J. and Krishnakumar, S.  Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in retinoblastoma samples: a preliminary study. Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology. 2009.  31, 8-13. [PubMed]
9. Khetan, V., Chaudhary, S. P. and Gopal, L.  Cystoid macular edema after bone marrow transplantation. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2009.  57, 55-57. [PubMed]
10. Gopal L.  A clinical and optical coherence tomography study of choroidal colobomas. Current opinion in ophthalmology. 2008.  19, 248-254. [PubMed]
11. Gopal, L., Nagpal, A. and Verma, A.  Direct aspiration of capsular bag material in a case of sequestered endophthalmitis. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2008.  56, 155-157. [PubMed]
12. Gopal, L., Mittal, N. and Verma, A.  Suprachoroidal collection of internal tamponading agents through a choroidal hole. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2008.  56, 149-150. [PubMed]
13. Gopal, L. and Sharma, T.  Use of intravitreal injection of triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2007.  55, 431-435. [PubMed]
14. Shankar, S., Biswas, J., Gopal, L., Bagyalakshmi, R., Therese, L. and Borse, N. J.  Anterior chamber exudative mass due to Scedosporium apiospermum in an immunocompetent individual. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2007.  55, 226-227. [PubMed]
15. Gopal, L., Rao, C. and Sharma, S.  Serous macular detachment associated with dysplastic disc. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2007.  55, 224-225. [PubMed]
16. Gopal, L., Nagpal, A., Kabra, S. and Roy, J.  Anterior chamber collapse following vitreoretinal surgery with gas tamponade in aphakic eyes: incidence and risk factors. Retina. 2006.  26, 1014-1020. [PubMed]
17. Gopal, L., Khan, B., Jain, S. and Prakash, V. S.  A clinical and optical coherence tomography study of the margins of choroidal colobomas. Ophthalmology. 2007.  114, 571-580. [PubMed]
18. Joseph, B., Madhavan, J., Mamatha, G., Ramprasad, V. L., Gopal, L. and Kumaramanickavel, G.  Retinoblastoma: a diagnostic model for India. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP. 2006.  7, 485-488. [PubMed]
19. Sen, P., Gopal, L. and Sen, P. R.  Intravitreal voriconazole for drug-resistant fungal endophthalmitis: case series. Retina. 2006.  26, 935-939. [PubMed]
20. Mohan, A., Kandalam, M., Ramkumar, H. L., Gopal, L. and Krishnakumar, S.  Stem cell markers: ABCG2 and MCM2 expression in retinoblastoma. The British journal of ophthalmology. 2006.  90, 889-893. [PubMed]
21. Kathil, P., Biswas, J. and Gopal, L.  Demonstration of varicella zoster virus in a case of presumed seasonal hyperacute panuveitis. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2005.  53, 270-272. [PubMed]
22. Bhende, M., Lekha, T., Vijaya, L., Gopal, L., Sharma, T. and Parikh, S.  Ultrasound Biomiscroscopy in the diagnosis and management of cyclodialysis clefts. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1999.  47, 19-23. [PubMed]
23. Bhende, M., Biswas, J. and Gopal, L.  Ultrasound biomicroscopy in the diagnosis and management of intraocular gnathostomiasis. American journal of ophthalmology. 2005.  140, 140-142. [PubMed]
24. Madhavan, C., Bhende, P., Gopal, L., Vasanthi, S. B. and Kumaramanickavel, G.  Retinitis pigmentosa patients with sickle cell disease and dextrocardia and situs inversus syndrome. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2001.  49, 193-195. [PubMed]
25. Samanta, T. K., Biswas, J., Gopal, L., Kumarasamy, N. and Solomon, S.  Panophthalmitis due to rhizopus in an AIDS patient: a clinicopathological study. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2001.  49, 49-51. [PubMed]
26. Shanmugam, M. P., Biswas, J., Gopal, L., Sharma, T. and Nizamuddin, S. H.  The clinical spectrum and treatment outcome of retinoblastoma in Indian children. Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. 2005.  42, 75-156. [PubMed]
27. Agarwal, S., Shanmugam, M. P., Gopal, L., Krishnakumar, S. and Biswas, J.  Necrotic melanocytoma of the optic disk with central retinal vascular obstruction. Retina. 2005.  25, 364-367. [PubMed]
28. Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Reddy, R. K., Kasinathan, N., Shah, N. A., Sulochana, K. N., Miriam, K. C., Arvind, K., Ramakrishnan, S. and Sukumar, B.  Primary vitrectomy for combined rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and choroidal detachment with or without oral corticosteroids: a pilot study. Retina. 2005.  25, 152-157. [PubMed]
29. Gopal, L., Babu, E. K., Gupta, S., Krishnakumar, S., Biswas, J. and Rao, N. A.  Pigmented malignant medulloepithelioma of the ciliary body. Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus. 2004.  41, 364-366. [PubMed]
30. Sharma, T., Shah, N., Rao, M., Gopal, L., Shanmugam, M. P., Gopalakrishnan, M., Bhende, P., Bhende, M., Shetty, N. S. and Baluswamy, S.  Visual outcome after discontinuation of corticosteroids in atypical severe central serous chorioretinopathy. Ophthalmology. 2004.  111, 1708-1714. [PubMed]
31. Sharma, T., Shah, N., Gopal, L., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P., Bhende, M., Shetty, N. S. and Sukumar, B.  Indocyanine green dye-enhanced transpupillary thermotherapy of classic subfoveal choroidal neovascularization. Ophthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging. 2004.  35, 197-206. [PubMed]
32. Agarwal, M., Shanmugam, M. P., Gopal, L., Shetty, N., Bhende, M., Gopal, L., Sharma, T., Thakur, S., Raman, R., Nizamuddin, S. H. and Moorthy, K. R.  Transpupillary thermotherapy for choroidal neovascular membrane in age related macular degeneration. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2004.  52, 45-49. [PubMed]
33. Gopal, L., Sunder, K. S., Rao, S. K., Soni, M., Sharma, S. and Ramakrishnan, S.  Hyperlipidemia in a poorly controlled diabetic presenting with lipemic aqueous and lipemia retinalis. Retina. 2004.  24, 312-315. [PubMed]
34. Krishnakumar, S., Sundaram, A., Abhyankar, D., Krishnamurthy, V., Shanmugam, M. P., Gopal, L., Sharma, T. and Biswas, J.  Major histocompatibility antigens and antigen-processing molecules in retinoblastoma. Cancer. 2004.  100, 1059-1069. [PubMed]
35. Gopal, L., Ramaswamy, A. A., Madhavan, H. N., Battu, R. R., Sharma, T., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P. S., Bhende, M., Ratra, D., Shetty, N. S. and Rao, M. K.  Endophthalmitis caused by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. A profile. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2003.  51, 335-340. [PubMed]
36. Biswas, J., Babu, K., Gopal, L., Krishnakumar, S., Suresh, S. and Ramakrishnan, S.  Ocular manifestations of Wegener's granulomatosis. Analysis of nine cases. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2003.  51, 217-223. [PubMed]
37. Gopal, L., Shanmugam, M. P., Battu, R. R. and Shetty, N. S.  Congenital retinoschisis: successful collapse with photocoagulation. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2001.  49, 265-266. [PubMed]
38. Sharma, T., Sinha, S., Shah, N., Gopal, L., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P., Bhende, M., Shetty, N. S., Agrawal, R., Deshpande, D., Biswas, J. and Sukumar, B.  Intraocular cysticercosis: clinical characteristics and visual outcome after vitreoretinal surgery. Ophthalmology. 2003.  110, 996-1004. [PubMed]
39. Jalali, S., Anand, R., Kumar, H., Dogra, M. R., Azad, R. and Gopal, L.  Programme planning and screening strategy in retinopathy of prematurity. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2003.  51, 89-99. [PubMed]
40. Biswas, J., Choudhry, S., Priya, K. and Gopal, L.  Detection of cytomegalovirus from vitreous humor in a patient with progressive outer retinal necrosis. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2002.  50, 319-321. [PubMed]
41. Gopal, L., Rao, S. K., Biswas, J., Madhavan, H. N. and Agarwal, S.  Tuberculous granuloma managed by full thickness eye wall resection. American journal of ophthalmology. 2003.  135, 93-94. [PubMed]
42. Biswas, J., Fogla, R., Gopal, L., Narayana, K. M., Banker, A. S., Kumarasamy, N. and Madhavan, H. N.  Current approaches to diagnosis and management of ocular lesions in human immunodeficiency virus positive patients. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2002.  50, 83-96. [PubMed]
43. Wagle, A. M., Biswas, J., Gopal, L. and Madhavan, H. N.  Clinical profile and immunological status of cytomegalovirus retinitis in organ transplant recipients. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2002.  50, 115-121. [PubMed]
44. Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P. S., Agrawal, R., Shetty, N. S., Gopalakrishna, M., Rao, M. K. and Balusamy, S.  Retinal detachment in Marfan syndrome: clinical characteristics and surgical outcome. Retina. 2002.  22, 423-428. [PubMed]
45. Biswas, J., Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Madhavan, H. N., Sulochana, K. N. and Ramakrishnan, S.  Eales disease--an update. Survey of ophthalmology. 2002.  47, 197-214. [PubMed]
46. Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Biswas, J., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P. S., Agrawal, R., Shetty, N. S. and Sanduja, N.  Results of vitrectomy in Terson syndrome. Ophthalmic surgery and lasers. 2002.  33, 195-199. [PubMed]
47. Rao, S. K. and Gopal, L.  Timing of fornix reconstruction for postoperative conjunctival prolapse. International ophthalmology. 2001.  24, 49-51. [PubMed]
48. Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P., George, J., Samanta, T. K. and Mukesh, B. N.  Comparison of pH-adjusted bupivacaine with a mixture of non-pH-adjusted bupivacaine and lignocaine in primary vitreoretinal surgery. Retina. 2002.  22, 202-207. [PubMed]
49. Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P. S., Agrawal, R., Badrinath, S. S. and Samanta, T. K.  Management of recurrent retinal detachment in silicone oil-filled eyes. Retina. 2002.  22, 153-157. [PubMed]
50. Kumaramanickavel, G., Sripriya, S., Vellanki, R. N., Upadyay, N. K., Badrinath, S. S., Arokiasamy, T., Sukumar, B., Vidhya, A., Joseph, B., Sharma, T. and Gopal, L.  Tumor necrosis factor allelic polymorphism with diabetic retinopathy in India. Diabetes research and clinical practice. 2001.  54, 89-94. [PubMed]
51. Sharma, T. and Gopal, L.  Recent developments in vitreoretinal surgery. Journal of the Indian Medical Association. 2000.  98, 754-762. [PubMed]
52. Gopal, L., Banker, A. S., Sharma, T., Parikh, S., Bhende, P. S. and Chopra, S.  Intraocular cilia associated with perforating injury. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2000.  48, 33-36. [PubMed]
53. Biswas, J., Raghavendra, R., Ratra, V., Krishnakumar, S., Gopal, L. and Shanmugam, M. P.  Diffuse malignant melanoma of the choroid simulating metastatic tumour in the choroid. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2000.  48, 137-140. [PubMed]
54. Gopal, L., Sharma, T., Shanmugam, M., Badrinath, S. S., Sharma, A., Agraharam, S. G. and Choudhary, A.  Surgery for stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity: the learning curve and evolving technique. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 2000.  48, 101-106. [PubMed]
55. Bhende, M., Biswas, J., Sharma, T., Chopra, S. K., Gopal, L. and Shroff, C. M.  Ultrasound biomicroscopy in the diagnosis and management of pars planitis caused by caterpillar hairs. American journal of ophthalmology. 2000.  130, 125-126. [PubMed]
56. Bhende, M., Agraharam, S. G., Gopal, L., Sumasri, K., Sukumar, B., George, J., Sharma, T., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P. S., Shetty, N. S., Agrawal, R. N. and Deshpande, D. A.  Ultrasound biomicroscopy of sclerotomy sites after pars plana vitrectomy for diabetic vitreous hemorrhage. Ophthalmology. 2000.  107, 1729-1736. [PubMed]
57. Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Parikh, S., Shanmugam, M. P., Saha, S. K., Sulochana, K. R., Shetty, N. S., Mukesh, B. N. and Badrinath, S. S.  pH-adjusted periocular anaesthesia for primary vitreoretinal surgery. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1999.  47, 223-227. [PubMed]
58. Ramaswamy, A. A., Biswas, J., Bhaskar, V., Gopal, L., Rajagopal, R. and Madhavan, H. N.  Postoperative Mycobacterium chelonae endophthalmitis after extracapsular cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Ophthalmology. 2000.  107, 1283-1286. [PubMed]
59. Biswas, J., Bhende, P. S., Gopal, L., Parikh, S. and Badrinath, S. S.  Subconjunctival cysts following silicone oil injection: a clinicopathological study of five cases. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1999.  47, 177-180. [PubMed]
60. Rao, S. K., Kumar, S. K., Biswas, J., Fogla, R., Gopal, L. and Padmanabhan, P.  Self-induced corneal crystals: a case report. Cornea. 2000.  19, 410-411. [PubMed]
61. Gopal, L., Ramaswamy, A. A., Madhavan, H. N., Saswade, M. and Battu, R. R.  Postoperative endophthalmitis caused by sequestered Acinetobacter calcoaceticus. American journal of ophthalmology. 2000.  129, 388-390. [PubMed]
62. Biswas, J., Kumar, S. K., Gopal, L. and Bhende, M. P.  Leiomyoma of the ciliary body extending to the anterior chamber: clinicopathologic and ultrasound biomicroscopic correlation. Survey of ophthalmology. 2000.  44, 336-342. [PubMed]
63. Castelino, A. M., Rao, S. K., Biswas, J., Gopal, L., Madhavan, H. N. and Kumar, S. K.  Conjunctival rhinosporidiosis associated with scleral melting and staphyloma formation: diagnosis and management. Cornea. 2000.  19, 30-33. [PubMed]
64. Biswas, J., Mittal, S., Ganesh, S. K., Shetty, N. S. and Gopal, L.  Posterior scleritis: clinical profile and imaging characteristics. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1998.  46, 195-202. [PubMed]
65. Shanmugam, M. P., Badrinath, S. S., Gopal, L. and Sharma, T.  Long term visual results of vitrectomy for Eales disease complications. International ophthalmology. 1998.  22, 61-64. [PubMed]
66. John, S., Sujana, H., Suresh, S., Swarnamani, S., Biswas, J. and Gopal, L.  Ultrasonic characterisation of malignant melanoma of choroid. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1998.  46, 153-157. [PubMed]
67. Badrinath, S. S., Gopal, L., Sharma, T., Parikh, S., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P. and Biswas, J.  Vitreoschisis in Eales' disease: pathogenic role and significance in surgery. Retina. 1999.  19, 51-54. [PubMed]
68. Sharma, T., Gopal, L. and Badrinath, S. S.  Primary vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with choroidal detachment. Ophthalmology. 1998.  105, 2282-2285. [PubMed]
69. Sharma, T., Gopal, L. and Therese, L.  Endophthalmitis in eyes following vitrectomy. Ophthalmic surgery and lasers. 1998.  29, 857-859. [PubMed]
70. Deshpande, D. A., Chaturvedi, M., Gopal, L., Ramachandran, S. and Shanmugasundaram, R.  Treatment of threshold retinopathy of prematurity. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1998.  46, 15-19. [PubMed]
71. Biswas, J., Gopal, L., Sharma, T., Parikh, S., Madhavan, H. N. and Badrinath, S. S.  Recurrent cryptococcal choroiditis in a renal transplant patient: clinicopathologic study. Retina. 1998.  18, 273-276. [PubMed]
72. Gopal, L., Banker, A. S., Deb, N., Badrinath, S. S., Sharma, T., Parikh, S. N., Shanmugham, M. P., Bhende, P. S., Das, D. and Mukesh, B. N.  Management of glass intraocular foreign bodies. Retina. 1998.  18, 213-220. [PubMed]
73. Gopal, L., Badrinath, S. S., Sharma, T., Parikh, S. N., Shanmugam, M. S., Bhende, P. S., Agrawal, R. and Deshpande, D. A.  Surgical management of retinal detachments related to coloboma of the choroid. Ophthalmology. 1998.  105, 804-809. [PubMed]
74. Sharma, T., Badrinath, S. S., Gopal, L., Ravishankar, K., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P., Bhende, M., Shetty, N. S., Deshpande, D. A. and Mukesh, B. N.  Subretinal fibrosis and nonrhegmatogenous retinal detachment associated with multifocal central serous chorioretinopathy. Retina. 1998.  18, 23-29. [PubMed]
75. Shanmugam, M. P., De, P., Gopal, L., Biswas, J. and Bhende, M. P.  Current concepts in the management of adult intraocular tumours. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1997.  45, 143-161. [PubMed]
76. Sharma, T., Badrinath, S. S., Mukesh, B. N., Gopal, L., Shanmugam, M. P., Bhende, P., Bhende, M., Shetty, N. S. and Agrawal, R.  A multivariate analysis of anatomic success of recurrent retinal detachment treated with pneumatic retinopexy. Ophthalmology. 1997.  104, 2014-2017. [PubMed]
77. Sharma, T., Virdi, D. S., Parikh, S., Gopal, L., Badrinath, S. S. and Mukesh, B. N.  A case-control study of suprachoroidal hemorrhage during pars plana vitrectomy. Ophthalmic surgery and lasers. 1997.  28, 640-644. [PubMed]
78. Joseph, A., Biswas, J., Sitalakshmi, G., Gopal, L. and Badrinath, S. S.  Surgically induced necrotising scleritis (SINS)--report of two cases. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1997.  45, 43-45. [PubMed]
79. Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Parikh, S., Shanmugam, M. P., Badrinath, S. S. and Mukesh, B. N.  Parabulbar anesthesia for primary vitreoretinal surgery. Ophthalmology. 1997.  104, 425-428. [PubMed]
80. Gopal, L. and Mehta, S.  Silicone oil removal: a simple technique. Retina. 1997.  17, 266-267. [PubMed]
81. Gopal, L., Badrinath, S. S., Kumar, K. S., Doshi, G. and Biswas, N.  Optic disc in fundus coloboma. Ophthalmology. 1996.  103, 2120-2126. [PubMed]
82. Sharma, T., Bhende, P. S., Parikh, S., Gopal, L., Biswas, J. and Badrinath, S. S.  Removal of silicone oil and epimacular proliferation from eyes following vitrectomy. Ophthalmic surgery and lasers. 1996.  27, 192-196. [PubMed]
83. Sharma, T., Gopal, L., Parikh, S., Badrinath, S. S., Madhavan, H. N. and Mukesh, B. N.  Endophthalmitis caused by anaerobic bacteria. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1995.  43, 191-194. [PubMed]
84. Gopal, L., Badrinath, S. S., Sharma, T., Parikh, S. N. and Biswas, J.  Pattern of retinal breaks and retinal detachments in eyes with choroidal coloboma. Ophthalmology. 1995.  102, 1212-1217. [PubMed]
85. Biswas, J., Madhavan, H. N., Gopal, L. and Badrinath, S. S.  Clinical features and virologic studies in viral retinitis. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1995.  43, 63-68. [PubMed]
86. Gopal, L., Sharma, T., Ramachandran, S., Shanmugasundaram, R. and Asha, V.  Retinopathy of prematurity: a study. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1995.  43, 59-61. [PubMed]
87. Madhavan, H. N., Biswas, J., Gopal, L. and Sharma, T.  Investigations in the virological etiology in acute retinal inflammation. The Indian journal of medical research. 1995.  101, 233-237. [PubMed]
88. Gopal, L., Badrinath, S. S., Parikh, S. and Chawla, G.  Retinal detachment secondary to ocular perforation during retrobulbar anaesthesia. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1995.  43, 13-15. [PubMed]
89. Gopal, L., Bhende, M. and Sharma, T.  Vitrectomy for accidental intraocular steroid injection. Retina. 1995.  15, 295-299. [PubMed]
90. Gopal, L. and Badrinath, S. S.  Autoscleral flap grafting: a technique of scleral repair. Ophthalmic surgery. 1995.  26, 44-48. [PubMed]
91. Sharma, T., Agarwal, P., Gopal, L., Badrinath, S. S. and Murugesan, R.  Penetrating ocular trauma in children by "broomstick bows and arrows". Ophthalmic surgery. 1994.  25, 175-179. [PubMed]
92. Gopal L.  Practical aspects in the setting up of a vitreo-retinal unit. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1994.  42, 37-42. [PubMed]
93. Roysarkar, T. K., Biswas, J. and Gopal, L.  New tumours in non-enucleated eyes of bilateral retinoblastoma patients. Indian journal of ophthalmology. 1994.  42, 19-22. [PubMed]
94. Badrinath, S. S., Vasudevan, R., Murugesan, R., Basti, S., Nicholson, A. D., Singh, P., Gopal, L., Sharma, T., Rao, S. B. and Abraham, C.  Intraoperative measurement of intraocular pressure in vitrectomized aphakic air-filled eyes using the Tono-Pen XL. Retina. 1993.  13, 307-311. [PubMed]
95. Nicholson, A. D., Singh, P., Badrinath, S. S., Murugesan, R., Sundararaj, I., Vardarajan, S., Krishnan, M., Nagarajan, K., Gopal, L., Sharma, T. and et, a. l. ..  Peribulbar anesthesia for primary vitreoretinal surgery. Ophthalmic surgery. 1992.  23, 657-661. [PubMed]


M.S. in Ophthalmology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
Honors and Awards
2005, L C Dutta Award from All India Ophthalmological Society
2004, Dr Joseph Gnanadhickam Gold Medal oration award by Tamil Nadu Ophthalmic Association
Dr. Vyaghreswarudu Memorial Oration Gold Medal by Andhra Medical College Old students Association, Visakhapatnam
Mr. Punshi award for best researcher by Vision Research Foundation, Chennai
Rustom Ranji Oration Gold Medal by Andhra Pradesh State Ophthalmic Association
S C Dutta Oration Award by West Bengal Ophthalmological Society
Dr Doshi Gold Medal for best fellow of the year by Medical Research Foundation
Dr Toleti Kanakaraju Shashtipurthi and Dr Rangachari Prize in general surgery by Andhra University
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